The Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) at Navi Mumbai (formerly known as the Nhava Sheva Port) located within the Mumbai harbour on the west coast of India, was commissioned on 26th May 1989. It occupies a place of prominence among the major Indian ports. It is the second youngest and one of the most modern major ports of the country. Though it was initially planned to be a “satellite port” to the Mumbai Port with the purpose of decongesting traffic at the latter, eventually it was developed as an independent port on its own right and it became the country’s largest container port.
Being one of the oldest ports in India, the Mumbai port was proving to be structurally inadequate to meet the requirements of modern cargo handling. Shallowness of the channel, congestion of roads and railways through the Mumbai city linking the port to its hinterland, as
well as labour problems, including over-manning, were among the major problems ailing the Mumbai Port in the pre-reform days. As a result, the Port wassimply incapable of handling the expanding volume of modern cargo directed to the west coast and there was an urgent need for a new port in the Mumbai region, which eventually led to the birth of JNPT in 1989.
The construction project of the port is considered to be one of the technical marvels in the country, which was completed in a record time of just three-and-half years on the marshy soil and, in order to upkeep the beauty of nearby historical Elephanta Caves and surroundings, the
management made use of contemporary sophisticated instruments while doing away with rock blasting. The land area in possession of the JNPT measures to 2,987 hectares with enough back-up area ideally suited for developing additional facilitiesfor future maritime requirements
of the country.
It was built with an investment of Rs.1,109 crores, out of which Rs.956.97 crores were obtained as loans from various funding agencies, with the World Bank being one of the major contributors. Today JN Port isfully mechanised port which useslatest technology in handling of
cargo at the terminals and presently handles about 40% of India’s container cargo. Equipped with one of the most modern cargo handling facilities, JNPT has been a pioneer in running its day-to-day operations with the help of information technology (IT), including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS). [Technically it is called as Vessel Traffic Services system or VTS. Refer Signalis]. JNPT enjoys very good road and rail linkages with its hinterland as well as important business centres like Thane, Nashik and Ahmedabad, which facilitate excellent port-industry interface. It is also characterized by highly automated and round-the-clock operations and has demonstrated enough potential and capacity to develop India’s first major hub port.
Ever since its inception, JNPT has chartered India’s international trade to a glorious course of success and achievements, breaking all records and creating new benchmarks. It handled 64.03 million tonnes of total cargo during the financial year 2015-16. The operating income for FY 2015-16 amounts to Rs.1,508 crores compared to Rs.1,345 crores during FY 2013-14. The port handled about 4.49 million TEUs in the FY 2015-16. Today JN Port has already established itself as the major catalyst for the trade & commerce in the country with a strong commitment to provide seamless service to the customers & as the India’s prime facilitator of international trade & logistics.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust,
Admin Building, Sheva, Uran,
Navi Mumbai – 400 707, ,